4 Most Common Types of Malignant Cancer

4 Most Common Types of Malignant Cancer

Cancer is a name that no matter how often mentioned, it never loses its power to frighten. The American Cancer Society defines the disease as a group of more than 100 diseases that prompts an uncontrolled growth of cells. Cancer can be of two types – malignant and benign. Benign cancers are less dangerous and are often no cause for alarm while the malignant cancers are the reason researchers are working day and night to find more curers for the disease.

Common Types of Malignant Cancer


Commonly known as blood cancer, Leukaemia is one of the most dangerous cancer types one can be diagnosed with. The exact cause of leukaemia is yet to be known. However, the factors that might foster its growth include family leukaemia history, exposure to radiation, etc. If you are suffering from joint or bone pains or you have night sweats and frequent fever, you may have to go for leukaemia tests. Though there is no way of preventing the disease, it can be controlled through chemotherapy at regular intervals.

Brain and Spinal Cord Cancer

According to reports, around 21,000 people are diagnosed with a brain or spinal cord cancer every year. This type of cancer originates from the brain or spinal cord cells. The brain tries to inform the body about the abnormalities going on by sending electrical messages through nerve fibers. Though brain cancers are commonly diagnosed, spinal cord cancers are quite rare. This type of cancer can be treated with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.  Here is more information on brain and spinal cancers.

Prostate Cancer

If you find yourself frequently having the urge to empty your bladder at nights or your urination suddenly stops, both could be the symptoms of prostate cancer. In this case, prostate gland in males starts to swell and lets cancer to spread even outside the gland. Remember not to ignore cases where you notice blood in urine. Early warning signs are hardly noticeable. This cancer form can be controlled by surgery, hormonal therapy, cryotherapy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

Lung Cancer

One of the most commonly diagnosed forms of cancer is lung cancer. If you are a chronic smoker, you could be a perfect candidate for this form of cancer. Coughing, chest pain, and weight loss are some of its common symptoms. However, you can control it by undergoing chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, etc.

Knowing the basic details about malignant cancer will help you be conscious enough to notice the symptoms and also remain under regular check-ups. This will help you to get your cancer diagnosed at an early stage, which is of great help when it comes to controlling or curing the disease completely.

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What is the progress of the race to cure cancer?

Cancer is the development of abnormal cells in the body. These abnormal cells grow and spread to other parts of the body. They grow and affect the normal cells hence reducing the function of the affected organ. The growth of tumor in the bodies have become a life threatening condition.

Viruses and bacteria cause cancer directly by affecting the cells in conjunction with other viruses caused by chronic inflammation hence reducing the immune system function. The researches to find a proper cure for cancer started in the 18th century because of the widespread use of microscope. Therefore the journey to cancer cure started by evolution of many forms of treatment, by scientist.

What is the progress of the race to cure cancer?

Cancer in the 18th century

In this era, there was evolution of radiation therapy which was used to treat cancer. Researchers devised x-rays for diagnosis and it was discovered that daily use of radiation therapy improved the cancer patient’s chance for cure.

However this didn’t go well in the 19th century because due to too much exposure to radiations, many developed leukemia. However in the 20th century and because of the emergence of technology, it was discovered that radiation could also contribute to the growth of cancerous cells.

Emergence of chemotherapy

Nitrogen mustard was discovered during World War II. It was a chemical that was being developed to make effective agents of war. It was found to work against cancer of the lymph nodes. Therefore, these agents killed the DNA of the cancer cells. This is what led to the emergence of chemotherapy. It was discovered that chemo can control cancer for long period without actually curing it.

In the 20th century it was later discovered that small cancers that can be removed by surgery are curable. They later used radiation to control tumor growth, and finally chemotherapy was added to completely kill the remaining cancer cells. This has improved greatly the search for cancer cure.

Evolution of immune therapy

Clinical trials found immunotherapy to be effective for fighting cancer. Biological therapy helps improve the immune system to identify cancer cells and aim an antibody on these tumors. In the 19th century, scientists were able to develop monoclonal antibodies that targeted the cancer cells.

Therefore, of late, scientists have been studying vaccine that improve the immune system and help it aim the cancer cells. This represents a key milestone to cancer treatment.

What does the future holds

There has been a remarkable progress for the last decades to find cancer cure. Computer technology is aiding cancer research, hence advancement on the treatment methods. Scientists are doing more research on molecular biology to have a target therapy that is aimed at proteins of the cancer cells.